Monday, August 1, 2016

Incredible Expeditions in the Amazon Rainforest

Do you want to visit the Amazon Rainforest? Amazon Explorer has a broad, varied array of expeditions, suitable for those wanting to experience the real jungle.
Expedition to observe birds, sloths, monkeys and alligators in a lagoon. | Amazon Explorer Iquitos Peru

Amazon Explorer is a recognized operator in Iquitos, Peruvian Amazon. It has awarded the TripAdvisor's Certificate of Excellence due great reviews from travelers.

We are one of the five companies authorized by the Peruvian Government (SERNANP) to take travelers inside the famous Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve, one of the best places for observe wildlife for a travel less than a week. Programs to the Pacaya-Samiria are from 3 to 12 days.

Camping in the Amazon Rainforest. Enjoy the jungle. | Amazon Explorer Iquitos Peru

If you are looking for learning survival skills, ask for our 6-day Amazon Survival. This program is not a leisure trip; this is a hard program, a disaster simulation in middle of the jungle. You will gather water and food from nature.
A Matses tribesman going to hunt in the Peru/Brazil border | Amazon Explorer Iquitos Peru

For those looking for contacting non-touristic indigenous tribes, Amazon Explorer is the only company that is currently going to the Matses National Reserve, a national protected area where Matses People are living. The 15-Day Matses Expedition takes you to their territory where you may experience the Sapo Medicine (Kambó), the Nu-Nu Ceremony and get in touch with the Matses' culture.

More programs are available, and also we may tailor some of them, at your request.

Amazon Explorer, always off the beaten track.

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Friday, July 22, 2016

Confirmed Expeditions - August 2016

Traveling for yourself in Iquitos and the Peruvian Amazon?

If you are traveling alone you will find that most of the tour for a single traveler is expensive unless you join in a group.
In order to help you to get a program and take a group rate, below are our confirmed programs you may join.

On the other hand, if you have a different date, we are always available.
Just tell us your travel dates, how many people are you and the programs you are interested.

If you want to join or want a new program, just write us:


Pacaya-Samiria Adventure (5 days). Start: 3Aug. Finish: 7Aug.
- Pacaya-Samiria Crossing (15 days). Start: 8Aug. Finish: 15Aug.
- Pacaya-Samiria Express (3 days). Start: 15Aug. Finish: 17Aug.
- Pacaya-Samiria Express (3 days). Start: 28Aug. Finish: 30Aug.


- Pacaya-Samiria Express (3 days). Start: 13Aug. Finish: 15Aug.
- Anaconda Expedition (20 days). Start: Aprox. 26Aug. Finish: 14Sep.

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Thursday, July 21, 2016

Marcin Gienieczko: I Won The Fight Against The Amazon

Outstanding story by Marcin Gienieczko a Polish adventurer along the Amazon River in Peru and Brazil. In Iquitos (Peru), Marcin was with estuvo con Amazon Explorer.

(Text by Marcin Gienieczko, translated by Piotr Chmielinski)

I made it to Belem and that way became the13th person in the world that had navigated the entire Amazon River system and the first person that paddled the Amazon from San Francisco to Belem in a canoe, which took me 94 days. It was a big challenge and a lot of sacrifices - starting from the family side. I had to leave two sons, 3-year-old Leon and 5-year-old Igor for four months, as well as the house that should have been worked on. Fortunately my wife is more resourceful at that matter than I am.

Exploring in South America is a logistical challenge. Maybe, as big as reaching the South Pole, because during this expedition from the very beginning logistics ruled. Starting from sending canoe and ending up at the source of the Amazon in Nevado Mismi. Please, find below the video of the expedition to the source of the Amazon

That’s how it started: There were logistics from the beginning, then riding a bike through the Andes to enter the elevation of 4700 meters and then exit. The next stage was Apurimac River and the city of San Francisco in Peru. I started my run on May 31st, 2015 and finished it on September 1st. Such fast navigating of Amazon would not be possible without the cooperation with Kacper Jurak, who prepared for me a special GPS maps and Adam Wasilewski, with whom I spent together many weeks to plan the entire project. It was also a big challenge in terms of the preparation.

A year earlier, I paddle the Rio Napo. You cannot just take a canoe and start paddling without any experience, and run the Amazon. I was following the example of Piotr Chmielinski, who was the first to kayaked the Amazon from the source to the Pacific Ocean. He explored the rivers of South America for almost 6 years before he started to kayak the Amazon River.

I was paddling rivers for 7 years, but only the rivers of the northern part of globe, and that is a huge difference; that is why I decided to run the Rio Napo, the tributary of Amazon. Chmielinski encouraged me to run Napo, and then to continue into Amazon and paddle to Belem. I replied immediately that I was not interested. Every professional traveler is the one who has a clear goal, and precisely knows what he wants from himself and from the adventure. My goal was one: to start my canoeing from the place where it is possible to put it in. I started from Apurimac below the first rapids, which could capsize my canoe.

I began on May 31st; there was no other expedition on Amazon at the same time. Why? Because others wanted to run the mountain river - one Mantaro, another Apurimac and as far as I know, both of the rivers are technically difficult, although Apurimac from what I know, is more demanding. Piotr Chmielinski ran that river in 1985.  He was there in October, the safest month for kayaking  as far as water levels (he paddle a raft in white water, and sea kayaks), just as other expeditions followed.

Since Triathlon through South America was my goal, I started at the end of May and it was really a very dangerous thing to do. According to the descriptions in the book Running the Amazon by Joe Kane, water pours and whirlpools of Ene River are10 meters across in October, but in May, when the  most of the water flows from Andes, Ene and Tambo are not lowland rivers anymore. In May and June they resemble mountain rivers and have huge whirlpools - in October they are 10 meters big, but at the beginning of June they were 16 meters in diameter and you could safely hide inside two connected paddles.

Gadiel Sanchez Rivera who accompanied me in my canoe from San Francisco to Atalaya can confirm it; we paddled along the 60 km of Apurimac, then Ene and Tambo. At Tambo we had some problems  - we had to enlist the help of a boat, that pulled us with a rope to the shore because the canoe was stuck in the funnel; the boat took so much water that I almost lost it. Similar situation happened on Ene River, but there we were lucky and we managed all without help. Whirlpools were powerful; I never had the experience with whirlpools before. I had the experience with rapids on Athabasca River, when I was paddling solo the Mckenzie River system in 2005.

Below you can find the video:

River Tambo tried to swallow us, later from Pojeni, the water became very fast but didn't have big whirlpools. We reached Atalaya. From Atalaya to Pucalpa I paddled on my own. Gadiel Sanchez Rivera became the head of the logistics of my expedition; he accompanied me at various points on Ucayali River. He was organizing accommodation, food, safe places. He fulfilled the same role during the expedition with Ed Strafford, when from Satipo, he went on foot along the banks of the Amazon.

Ucayali River is slow, but I was able to run it in 19 days. That was very fast for a slow river that meanders through the heart of the jungle of South America. There were a wall of the forest from the left and right, heat, 40 degrees Celsius and I in the canoe. Packing had always been the hardest; I drank electrolytes, swallowed pills, vitamins, and ate my space food like spaghetti or stew powder, etc.

A few times a snake crept into the tent and I had the most horrible experience ever. I had to crush its tail with the paddle and with a machete, cut off the head and the tail. It was a dangerous job, but Gadiel Sanchez Rivera gave me excellent lessons of survival. Thanks to him I managed to run Ucayali River, which was really dangerous, people were less friendly; you cannot just jump to a canoe or kayak and paddle as some kayakers from Gdansk, Poland did, and paid for it with their lives. You have to have special permissions to show them to local "Marshals", chiefs of villages, to run the Ene, Tambo, and Ucayali Rivers.

We had such an experience on Ene, when the locals gave two warning shots up, and one aimed straight at us. The bullet struck the rock near the canoe. Then, we knew that we had to stop and present our permits. How hazardous the region is, you can read in the book "The expedition along the Amazon," in which Englishman Ed Strafford described the region. Many think that this is the region you can travel. If so, why Explorer Website posted that only12 people ran the Amazon; eleven in a kayak and one, Ed Strafford along the river's banks on foot?

It speaks for itself how Amazon teaches determination and perseverance. That was the comment of Piotr Chmielinski. As he continues in his steady correspondence with me and my team: "Marcin, focus on the nearest ports and goals. Times have changed, but the river did not. The same with the Pacific Ocean; it has not changed - it is still very dangerous. You need to think and anticipate - then you can survive. Sometimes I say to others: Do you know, why I still exist? - Because I try to anticipate the situation in advance. A lot has to be done in such a big project".

Starting with the run from Iquitos, when the Ucayali River and Maranion meet and form the Amazon, the river gets big and fast. Sometimes I could paddle 100 km a day, because in June a large volume of water flowed from the Andes, and the river flooded; it was fast, sometimes 14 km per hour. Aleksander Doba, who tried to paddle the Amazon in 2011, wrote on the blog: "The river flows so fast as at Dunajec (mountain river in Poland) cascades”, and he is the only person who can say something about this, because he paddled the Amazon in a heavy ocean kayak in June. This is what I have to say since I was paddling in a canoe, which weighs 40 kg!

The river became even faster from Tabatinga to Manaus, but really fast it was at the end of June before the border with Columbia - the speed was reaching 18 km per hour. I had one goal from Pucallpa - to cover this part of the Amazon in sport style, as fast as possible.

From Iquitos I started to dream about paddling the Amazon in a canoe in less time than 100 days. And I did it – I ran the Amazon in 94 days in a canoe and this is an absolute world record in long-distance run in a canoe. You cannot of course, compare canoe to sea kayak, because it is the same as if someone would like to compare WRC canoe class to F1 class. This cannot be done.

I had different thoughts while working on this project. I remembered when during Rod Stewart's concert, my wife Ala began to cry, fearing that something will happen to me during the expedition. Going to the airport just before my departure to Lima she asked me why I was doing such a huge project now, when we have children. Only now I had adequate knowledge and experience that I could make it happen - I replied driving a car to Warsaw.

Earlier, I paddled the Lena River, many rivers in the Yukon as a guide and the Yukon River itself, and the Mackenzie River system etc. but Amazon is a huge river. Fighting with it does not make any sense, you need to love it and live with it - if you want to do it differently, and you will not succeed. You cannot think about the final, but about short-term goals, that is, what will happen in 10 days, not in 2 months. Otherwise, I would have gone crazy. I paddled 11 hours a day; I could paddled not more because it was getting dark early in the day, and I did not want to paddle in the darkness, although a couple of times I had to.

Near Ichihara I almost died. Entering the port I did not notice a large mooring, which was attached to a buoy. A strong line almost cut off my head. It was terrible. I was to meet with the local port Captain. They knew about that the large ships moors there, and decided to come and greet me. They came just in time because the fast current kept pushing me onto that rope, thick as a hand of MMA fighter. They saved my life; stopped my canoe 10 cm from the rope. It was my great, good fortune and no doubt, divine assistance. In general I received a lot of support from God, so I decided to donate the profit from selling my canoe to Children Charity or as a gift in Maritime Museum in Gdansk after I finish this expedition. "Energa" Company, my main sponsor decided to help me to bring a canoe back to Poland.  I believe that if they keep their promise, I have to keep my, that I’ll paddle the Amazon.

Big problems started from Santarem, when the river became even more demanding. When I entered Para River, my daily distance was almost 30 km, sometimes 40 km a day. The high sides of a canoe on such a large basins act like sails and change the direction of the boat. At such high waters a canoe is not able to flow. But I fought. In 2012, I paddled from Bornholm to Darlowo for 28 hours - non-stop paddling across the Baltic Sea. Then I moved 5 km per hour, I was able to do it because I had the so-called weather window, with no wind and no ripples. It was 28-hour period of time, but you cannot count on such luck to last for 14 days.

Ocean wave from the Atlantic to the Gulf in front of Belem was 2 meters high. The shore tidal wave capsized me, everything got wet and again I had to dry everything. It was a struggle. Before Belem it was getting even harder and harder; large tides began, when the water rises and falls down every 6 hours and flows once up, once down the river. Within six hours I could do 45 km if the river flow was toward Atlantic.  It took Piotr Chmielinski four days to paddle from Breves to Belem. I wondered how it was possible, but a sea kayak is like a F1, they quickly penetrate and move forward. Kayak ran the bay boldly, my canoe would not have a chance, so I had to paddle down the bay to the inter-island area, to traverse it, which was tough, demanding, and time consuming.  At this stage of expedition I had an accompanying boat from the governor of Para State and the commander of the Para State Security, thanks to the efforts of the Polish Embassy.

Piotr Chmielinski in 1986 in a sea kayak paddled from Manaus to Belem in 31 days, I did it in a canoe in 36 days. From Breves to Belem he paddled in 4 days, I did it in 10 days, but all the time I had to underline that I did it in a canoe. I think that a canoe gives better opportunities on the expeditions, but it is slower and has more resistance, so these have an impact on wind and speed. On the fast rivers the canoe may be equal to the kayak, which confirms the legendary race of Yukon River Quest. Competitors in a canoe ended their voyage approximately 4 hours after the fastest kayaks, so it’s not bad, worthy competition.

My trip was purely sporting activity. As I have two sons, my motivation was to quickly return home. It was also a last chance to fit this kind of expedition in my life and use my skills as a good long-distance paddler. For this reason I decided to do it in the sporting style. I reached Belem on September 1st at 15:26. At this point, I decided to finish my long trips of canoe paddling. This step is behind me; someday, I will paddle with my boys on the Yukon to Alaska. Now, I am going to concentrate on the running. September 4th, I start my longest run of my entire life: 80 km from Belem toward the Atlantic Ocean to finish South America’s traverse. It was hard, with hot weather and high humidity, but the challenges have to be like that, otherwise the world would stop.

This Amazon traverse I dedicate to my younger son, 3-year old Leon. I want him to know that nothing is impossible; we just have to find a new solution. Amazon taught me that - look for solutions and push against; for the rest of my life.

A man must be stronger than the conditions he finds. I believe that everybody dies but not everyone knows how to live a life without being afraid of the sky, deep sea, big lizard; I bend only before God and move forward. In this world, only those survive who see in the dark in advance.

September 4th, 2015, 21:40, after14 hours and 40 minutes of slow running, and after 94 days of sitting in the canoe, comes the final success. Goal achieved. 111 days of pushing since May17th. This trip showed me that in order to survive you have to look for solutions in every situation.

Thank you for your participation in this project, and reading about the adventures of my challenges and my perseverance.

Once I asked my friend how to live? The answer was simple, be honest to yourself. I have two sons; I fight since my childhood, everything in order not to prove myself (this lifetime is behind me), but to show the children from different places in Poland that if you want to achieve anything in life you have to be persistent, you need to have a strong focus combined with a life’s mission. Olympic champion Robert Korzeniowski said: "I went through a lot in my life to achieve something. And the same is with the exploration, competitive sports, business, or family life.

The Triathlon through South America showed me that if you want to achieve something you should have three qualities: perseverance, enthusiasm and motivation. The mission was successful.

Gienieczko crossed South America, 700 km by bike through the Andes topping 4750 m, 5980 km in a canoe and 80km of slow-run.

This story previously appeared on

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Friday, September 11, 2015

The Anaconda


The green anaconda (Eunectes murinus). It is a constrictor snake of the boas family, endemic from the tropical rivers of South America, of all the snakes this is which has the highest weigh and perhaps the largest known snake, disputando con la pitón reticulada (Python reticulatus) que habita en las selvas de Indonesia y Filipinas.


The anaconda is endemic from South America; inhabits the basins of the Orinoco and the Amazon rivers. Also they can be founded in countries as: Brasil, Bolivia, Colombia, Guyana, Peru, Paraguay, Venezuela and Trinidad Island.


The anaconda is the biggest snake of America and can exceed the 8 meters long and weight more than 200 kg. The females are larger than the males, this is the most marked sexual dimorphism case into the order of these reptiles  are grouped (Squamata).

The anaconda is dark green in color with oval black spots and ocher on the flanks. The belly is more clearly, and the end of the tail shows yellow and black designs that are unique by each one. The body is broad and muscular, adapted to kill their prey by constriction.
The head is narrow and does not have a distinctive neck. The nostrils and eyes are in an elevated position, to make breathing and perception easier during the long periods that the anaconda spend submerged. The eyes of the anaconda are small and have the typical vertically elliptical pupil of the poisonous species and the boids, the vision of the anaconda is not very acute. The olfactory receptors are found on the tongue, like all the snakes.
The snout is covered for six thickened scales, three on each side, which are the most distinctive trait that separates the genus Eunectes species from the closely related Boa.
There is a kind of anaconda which the only part of the entire body is not covered by scales, these ones inhabit in the Caudal region, near the cloaca zone. In that environs, this anaconda presents spurs which are remnants of locomotives atrophied limbs.

Habitat and Behavior

The powerful muscles of the anaconda makes it a skillful swimmer, the green anaconda can travel short distances underwater or on the surface very quickly, where it is capable of reaching a speed of 6 meters per second, but on the ground their movements are slow and heavy. The anaconda choose the camouflage found on the banks of streams as well as the trunks and beaches to sunbathe or relax. The anaconda used to travel on the rivers , but prefer the still waters such as ponds or aguajales where most of the time is immersed to stalk their prey; the position of the nostrils allows it to submerge the most of the body as a camouflage.
Usually hunt animals that come to drink, it traps them with jaws and simultaneously wraps itself around its body to suffocate them. With its immense constrictive forcé, submitted its prey in just over 10 seconds, the death of his victim is by asphyxia.
The anaconda, like all snakes can not chew food, and instead of, swallow them integer. Teeth are like needles sharp and directed toward the interior of the mouth, they serve to retain the prey and allow not escaping. It has four rows of teeth, one regular and one on the palate used to move the food down her throat.
When swallowing, the maxilla and mandible, which are fasten to the skull by ligaments, they manage to separate to accommodate to the size of the prey.


The anaconda is able to consume large preys as; Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) which is one of his favorite victims and juveniles unique species as: Brazilian tapir (Tapirus terrestris), Red brocket deer (Mazama americana) Gray or brown brocket deer (Mazama gouazoubira)
Lizard: Common caiman (Caiman crocodilus), Lizard: Black Caiman (Melanosuchus niger), Smooth-fronted caiman (Smooth-fronted caiman), plus other mammals, birds, turtles and other small reptiles.
The snake must alternate to fulfill the process of digestion. This is because the digestive process requires a lot of energy that the snake should use to digest the food efficiently, which can last days or weeks, depending on the size of the pray. The undigestible parts can be excreted or regurgitated.


According is shown in some field studies conducted to date, when a female anaconda is sexually available emits a pheromone smell,this is detected by the male from the area since a distance of 5.5 km.
The pairing of the anaconda occurs between the months of april and may; Females attract males by an olfactory sign, and they congregate around them along of several weeks. In the last phase of the courtship, up to a dozen males curls around the female, fighting for access to the sewer of her, forming a characteristic ball; They may remain so curled up to 15 days, often in shallow water, until the bigger and stronger female chooses the winner.
During the mentioned copulation, male spurs stimulate the caudal region of the female; both sewers get contact and the tails curl while insemination occurs.
During the actual copulation male spurs stimulate the caudal region of the female; contact both sewers and tails curl while insemination occurs.
The anaconda is ovoviviparous, it means that the eggs remain inside the body of the female until hatching. The gestation lasts 6 months inside the female. The anaconda can reach to have up to a hundred broods, but overall the number of the litter oscillates between 20 and 40. Newborns measures around 70-80 cm long. Because of their small size, often fall as a prey of other animals, only a few manage to survive till the adulthood.


The main threat to their conservation is the destruction of their habitat and the hunting by those who consider it a threat to domestic livestock and children, without regard its role in controlling of the rodent pests.

Kingdom:    Animalia
Phylum:      Chordata
Class:         Sauropsida
Order:         Squamata
Suborder:  Ophidians
Class:         Reptiles
Family:       Boidae
Genre:        Eunectes
Specie:       Eunectes murinus

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Monday, August 17, 2015

Iquitos, Peru, South America

Iquitos, Peru, South America

Iquitos city is located in the northern jungle, to the east. It is the capital of the Loreto Region, with nearly 30% of the country is the largest and most northern of Peru. It is set in the Great Plains and surrounded by the Amazon, Nanay and Itaya rivers. Overall, it constitutes in the Metropolitan Iquitos, a conurbation of 471.993 inhabitants consists of four districts: Iquitos, Punchana, Belen and San Juan Bautista.
Near the confluence of the great Napo and Amazon rivers. In this river world, the communications depend as much or more than the navigation of land transport, virtually nonexistent outside the city of Iquitos.

The Historic Center of Iquitos has several Cultural Heritage of the Nation: Iquitos Cathedral, The Iron House, The Old Hotel Palace, The Cohen House and more than 70 buildings. Other known landmarks are The Main Square (Plaza de Armas), Jiron Prospero; a pathway conglomerates several commercial and historical premises and the crowded neighborhood of Belen, often dubbed as the "Amazon Venice." The city is also home of the Amazon Library, one of the two most important in Latin America.
Because of its location in the Peruvian Amazon, Iquitos has a natural landscape of immense biodiversity.

Now, the reputation of the city is growing as a tourist destination due to its location on the banks of the Amazon River which is one of the seven Natural Wonders of the World. Over the years, Iquitos receives considerably foreigners; currently, the tourism index rose by international flights offered by the city airport.

According TripAdvisor Iquitos won the Travelers' Choice 2012 Award No. 22 of "Top 25 destinations in South America." Iquitos was also included in the number 6 on the list of "10 leading cities of the 2011" by Lonely Planet.

Official Language:      
Spanish (spa. amazonian in situ)
Iquitos, Belén, Punchana, San Juan Bautista
1757 (José Bahamonte)

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Thursday, July 30, 2015

The Ayahuasca

The Ayahuasca

The Ayahuasca or rope of dead, is a potion of medicinal and hallucinogenic plants used as a diagnostic to cure ills. Natural and ancient medicine that concentrates the power of the jungle.

Preparation of ayahuasca in the Region of Loreto, Peru

It is known as ayahuasca of a various entheogenic beverages resulting from multiple plants decoctions. The basic component is a decoction of the vine (Banisteriopsis caapi), which property is the content of (Monoamine oxidase) inhibitors, known as inhibitors (MAOIs). It is mixed with leaves shrub of the genus (Psychotria), because of its content of (Dimethyltryptamine) (DMT).

Ayahuasca in Quechua means 'rope of dead' by its etymology “aya” (dead, deceased, spirit' and “waska” (rope, string' because in the worldview of the native peoples the ayahuasca is the rope that allows the spirit leaves the body without this die. 
 It is used in medical or religious rituals and in traditional medicine of native towns of the Amazon.

How the ayahuasca is used:

Ayahuasca is used as medicine, such as purifying and as a master. It is called a Doctor because cure; Master because it teaches, and Mother for it’s guidance. It gives power, knowledge and vision.
The medicinal properties of Ayahuasca are not only in the spiritual realm, but also in the physical. There prerequisites before ingestion, such as mental, physical, emotional and spiritual preparation. 

The diet is essential: it must remain fasting at least 24 hours before the ceremony, it is important that the stomach is free from food as vomiting are common. You should not drink liquor, drugs, spicy, or sex with at least seven days prior to the ceremony.
Ayahuasca takes you to the magical world. It gives you what you need to give you, teaches you what have to teach you, heal you what it has to heal you. Ayahuasca is not a simple chemical relationship but a magical relationship.

To be understood, first you have to learn feeling its dimension, and as the shamans say, using the heart and not the head. 

Finally, each ayahuasca experience is distinct from the other.

Scientific Information:

Ayahuasca: (Usually pronounced/ ˌaɪjəˈwæskə/ or / ˌaɪjəˈwaːskə/), is an entheogenic brew made out of (Banisteriopsis caapi) vine, often in combination with various other plants. It can be mixed the leaves of Chacruna or Chagropanga, dimethyltryptamine (DTM)-containing plant species. The brew, first described academically in the early 1950s by Harvard ethnobotanist Richard Evans Schultes, who found it employed for divinatory and healing purposes by the native peoples of Amazonian Peru,so it is known by a number of different names.

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Thursday, February 19, 2015

The Urarinas

The Urarinas

Historical Summary:

The Urarinas inhabited originally in the Chambira river, having originally been a large group. In 1651, Jesuit missionaries made contact with this group through the christianized Cocam
illas, being seated in an annex of Jeberos Mission Concepcion. A year later, Father Lucero took some Urarinas to San Xavier de Chamicuros subsequently were transferred to Santiago de la Laguna.

In the late nineteenth century, Urarinas were persecuted by rubber patterns. Given these attacks they escaped to the areas of the headwaters of the river Chambira. Some were caught and turned into slaves on the farms located in the Marañón River. By 1924, Paul Rivet in his account of South American indigenous languages, are considered extinct, but by 1930 Tessman said 300 Urarinas still survived. Early in 1950, the number of Urarinas declined due to an epidemic.
In 1974, oil exploration in the area of Urarinas generated an increase demand for manufactured products and opened the possibility of offering labor.

Social Organization:

The social organization of Urarinas is characterized by patrilineal descent groups, preferential marriage with the bilateral cross-cousin and rule of post-marital residence matrilocal.

Economic Activities:

The Urarinas practice swidden horticulture, hunting and fishing. The main crops grown in the orchards are cassava (Manihot sculenta), banana (Musa paradisiaca), maize (Zea mays), rice (Oryza sativa), the Sachapapa (Dioscorea trifida), sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas), Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) and papaya (Carica papaya). Hunting is practiced individually and fishing, both individually and collectively. The collection is aimed at obtaining palm fruits such as palm (Mauritia flexuosa) and pijuayo (Actris gasipaes) and secondary forest trees as ungurahui (Oenocarpus bataua Mart).

The Urarinas produce for the bird market and agricultural products; also sell fine woods, leathers and fabrics palm of great demand in the regional market.


This relatively small group, is located in an area of oil exploration and forest extraction, can being qualified in a situation of medium vulnerability.

Family Language:            Unclassified
Autodenomination:          No autodenominación

Geographical Location:

Province   Department  District
Loreto       Loreto          Tigre
Loreto       Loreto          Trompeteros
Loreto       Loreto           Urarinas

Rivers and tributaries Chambira; Urituyacu, Corrientes and Ocelot.

Demographics: Population  Enumerated.
  564        293         271

 Number of communities: 17

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Saturday, December 13, 2014


THE JAGUAR (Panthera onca)

The King of the Amazon Rainforest

The JAGUAR is the largest cat in the Americas and the world's third largest feline.

Jaguar Features:

The jaguar can weigh up to 150 kilos, the skin is reddish yellow background, except inside the ears, at the bottom of the nose, jaw, throat and other lower parts of the body, where color is paler; at the bottom of the legs predominantly white. It also has features black spots, rosettes type, round, oblong or irregular stripes branching on the cross and come back together in the back, forming on the sides more or less parallel lines; smaller in the head, neck and legs than in the rest of the body. The tail has rings on his hindquarters. No two jaguars in the same pattern of spots.
The females are between 10 and 20 percent smaller than males.
Its length is 1.70 to 2.30 m and a height at withers of about 85. Its tail is between 45 and 75 cm.

The life expectancy of a jaguar in captivity is 22 years. In the wild environment is probably 10 years, except on rare occasions that can reach 20 years.

The JAGUAR is more active during dusk and night. Being a short distance runner pretty fast hunting their prey mainly on the ground. It is a great swimmer and can even cross rivers with a width of several kilometers. The jaguar is considered an opportunistic carnivore and diet depends on the density and prey availability. More than 85 species have been recorded in the jaguar's diet (Seymour 1989). Large dams, as peccaries, tapirs and deer are favorites, but also eat other mammals such as monkeys, sloth, frogs, turtles, snakes and even the jaguar can attack alligators, albeit significantly bigger than him. It also feeds on fish and birds have their nests on the ground.

The JAGUAR is a little social or affective kind: it only meets a female when she goes into heat. Made fertilization and after a gestation of 93 to 110 days, born of 1-4 pups in a safe place amid the dense forest or in a hole in the riverbank.
In contrast to the other big cats, the jaguar growls but rarely roars.
Females reach sexual maturity between two and two and a half years, while males between three and four years old. The last reproduction usually at age 8.


The number of names for the jaguar is impressive and differs widely from country to country, but in most countries it is known popularly as Tigre, due to the similarity found the first conquerors of America with the big asian feline.
Using its scientific name (Panthera onca) when speaking of the jaguar in the middle of wide diffusion is important; here is a list of the nicknames:

PERU: Otorongo / Tigre.
BOLIVIA: Jaguar / Tigre Americano
COLOMBIA: Jaguar / Mancueva
ECUADOR: Jaguar / Tigre
PANAMA: Jaguar / Tigre
VENEZUELA: Daaba (Bari) / Ira (Yanomami)
BRAZIL: Onça pintada / Onça canguçu
PARAGUAY: Yaguareté
SURINAM: Penitigri
In northeastern Argentina (Misiones, Formosa, Chaco and current) is told Tigre and Jaguar, while in the northwest (Salta and Jujuy) is told Tigre Manincho.

Current Situation:
Considered vulnerable or endangered because they are hunted for trophy poached for their fur, and habitat loss threaten their survival.

Scientific Classification:
Superkingdom: Eukaryota
Kingdom:         Animalia
Filo:                  Chordate
Class:                Mammal
Order:               Carnivore
Family:             Felidae
Genre:              Panthera
Species:            Onca

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Tuesday, November 11, 2014


The Sloth (Bradypus variegatus), is itself a kinf of lazy in Central and South America. The sloth has grayish brown to beige skin, and it's very thick. The head of the sluggard is round, flat nose and ears not visible.

The sloth has a height ranging between 41 and 74 inches (104.14 and 187.96 centimeters) , a small head, flat and round; big eyes, flat nose and no ears.

The limbs are long and lazy are well developed, his fingers are attached and end in long claws and curves.

The front legs are longer, are more developed and have more mobility than later, especially in the lazy belonging to the group of three fingers. It has about 18 teeth and body temperature varies considerably according to the environment, which are physiologically restricted to an equatorial habitat.

The sloths are herbivores that are adapted so the arboreal locomotion that have lost the ability to move around the floor. 

These animals are solitary and very long-lived animals, moving in a slow hugging a branch and hanging upside down. There are two families which differs in being lazy tridactyle species (three fingers) or didáctyle (two fingers).

They eat the entire leaf and mix different types of leaves so they need to visit many trees and vines to get your food. Slow digestion is similar to ruminants which have a long digestive tract.

Scientific Classification:

Kingdom: Animal
Phylum:   Vertebrata
Class:       Mammals
Order:      Toothless
Families:  Bradipódidos-megalonychidae

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Monday, September 22, 2014


Geographic Location
This natural area located in Loreto is part of the tropical rainforest, one of the most biologically rich places on the planet.

This Reserve takes its name from the Pacaya and Samiria rivers, wetlands and lakes forming calm waters reflecting images of the sky and the forest ... why he is known as "The land of rivers mirrors."

The Pacaya-Samiria is the largest nature reserve in Peru ... its waters are home to 250 species of fish.
The main objective is to conserve wildlife resources and scenic beauty characteristic of the tropical rainforest. The Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve has a high biodiversity and an important human population takes advantage of its natural resources.

The Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve is habited by numerous communities, both native and traditional and relatively recent settlers. Its territory offers benefits to thousands of people in the area and in neighboring towns as well as the possibility of a first-class tourism for the Peruvian Amazon.

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Jungle survival training course