Saturday, December 13, 2014

THE JAGUAR

THE JAGUAR (Panthera onca)

The King of the Amazon Rainforest


The JAGUAR is the largest cat in the Americas and the world's third largest feline.

Jaguar Features:

The jaguar can weigh up to 150 kilos, the skin is reddish yellow background, except inside the ears, at the bottom of the nose, jaw, throat and other lower parts of the body, where color is paler; at the bottom of the legs predominantly white. It also has features black spots, rosettes type, round, oblong or irregular stripes branching on the cross and come back together in the back, forming on the sides more or less parallel lines; smaller in the head, neck and legs than in the rest of the body. The tail has rings on his hindquarters. No two jaguars in the same pattern of spots.
The females are between 10 and 20 percent smaller than males.
Its length is 1.70 to 2.30 m and a height at withers of about 85. Its tail is between 45 and 75 cm.

The life expectancy of a jaguar in captivity is 22 years. In the wild environment is probably 10 years, except on rare occasions that can reach 20 years.


The JAGUAR is more active during dusk and night. Being a short distance runner pretty fast hunting their prey mainly on the ground. It is a great swimmer and can even cross rivers with a width of several kilometers. The jaguar is considered an opportunistic carnivore and diet depends on the density and prey availability. More than 85 species have been recorded in the jaguar's diet (Seymour 1989). Large dams, as peccaries, tapirs and deer are favorites, but also eat other mammals such as monkeys, sloth, frogs, turtles, snakes and even the jaguar can attack alligators, albeit significantly bigger than him. It also feeds on fish and birds have their nests on the ground.

The JAGUAR is a little social or affective kind: it only meets a female when she goes into heat. Made fertilization and after a gestation of 93 to 110 days, born of 1-4 pups in a safe place amid the dense forest or in a hole in the riverbank.
In contrast to the other big cats, the jaguar growls but rarely roars.
Females reach sexual maturity between two and two and a half years, while males between three and four years old. The last reproduction usually at age 8.

JAGUAR NAMES:

The number of names for the jaguar is impressive and differs widely from country to country, but in most countries it is known popularly as Tigre, due to the similarity found the first conquerors of America with the big asian feline.
Using its scientific name (Panthera onca) when speaking of the jaguar in the middle of wide diffusion is important; here is a list of the nicknames:

PERU: Otorongo / Tigre.
BOLIVIA: Jaguar / Tigre Americano
COLOMBIA: Jaguar / Mancueva
ECUADOR: Jaguar / Tigre
PANAMA: Jaguar / Tigre
VENEZUELA: Daaba (Bari) / Ira (Yanomami)
BRAZIL: Onça pintada / Onça canguçu
FRENCH GUIANA: Tig Marqué
PARAGUAY: Yaguareté
SURINAM: Penitigri
ARGENTINA: Tigre
In northeastern Argentina (Misiones, Formosa, Chaco and current) is told Tigre and Jaguar, while in the northwest (Salta and Jujuy) is told Tigre Manincho.

Current Situation:
Considered vulnerable or endangered because they are hunted for trophy poached for their fur, and habitat loss threaten their survival.

Scientific Classification:
Superkingdom: Eukaryota
Kingdom:         Animalia
Filo:                  Chordate
Class:                Mammal
Order:               Carnivore
Family:             Felidae
Genre:              Panthera
Species:            Onca


More information: info@amazonexplorer.com
Hotel in Iquitos   : www.emperadorterraza.com

ACTIVITIES

Tuesday, November 11, 2014

THE SLOTH


The Sloth (Bradypus variegatus), is itself a kinf of lazy in Central and South America. The sloth has grayish brown to beige skin, and it's very thick. The head of the sluggard is round, flat nose and ears not visible.


The sloth has a height ranging between 41 and 74 inches (104.14 and 187.96 centimeters) , a small head, flat and round; big eyes, flat nose and no ears.

The limbs are long and lazy are well developed, his fingers are attached and end in long claws and curves.

The front legs are longer, are more developed and have more mobility than later, especially in the lazy belonging to the group of three fingers. It has about 18 teeth and body temperature varies considerably according to the environment, which are physiologically restricted to an equatorial habitat.


The sloths are herbivores that are adapted so the arboreal locomotion that have lost the ability to move around the floor. 

These animals are solitary and very long-lived animals, moving in a slow hugging a branch and hanging upside down. There are two families which differs in being lazy tridactyle species (three fingers) or didáctyle (two fingers).

They eat the entire leaf and mix different types of leaves so they need to visit many trees and vines to get your food. Slow digestion is similar to ruminants which have a long digestive tract.


Scientific Classification:

Kingdom: Animal
Phylum:   Vertebrata
Class:       Mammals
Order:      Toothless
Families:  Bradipódidos-megalonychidae

More information: info@amazonexplorer.com
Hotel in Iquitos   : www.emperadorterraza.com

ACTIVITIES

Monday, September 22, 2014

PACAYA-SAMIRIA NATIONAL RESERVE

Geographic Location
This natural area located in Loreto is part of the tropical rainforest, one of the most biologically rich places on the planet.

This Reserve takes its name from the Pacaya and Samiria rivers, wetlands and lakes forming calm waters reflecting images of the sky and the forest ... why he is known as "The land of rivers mirrors."

The Pacaya-Samiria is the largest nature reserve in Peru ... its waters are home to 250 species of fish.
The main objective is to conserve wildlife resources and scenic beauty characteristic of the tropical rainforest. The Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve has a high biodiversity and an important human population takes advantage of its natural resources.


The Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve is habited by numerous communities, both native and traditional and relatively recent settlers. Its territory offers benefits to thousands of people in the area and in neighboring towns as well as the possibility of a first-class tourism for the Peruvian Amazon.

More information: info@amazonexplorer.com
Hotel in Iquitos   : www.emperadorterraza.com

ACTIVITIES
Jungle survival training course

AMAZON RIVER DOLPHINS

Pink Dolphin being feeded
The pink dolphins are not equal to the dolphins that are in the sea, but have special adaptations to their habitat. In fact, river dolphins are distantly related to sea dolphins because they belong to different families. The oceanic dolphins belong to the family (Delphinidae), while river dolphins belong to the family (Platanistoidea).
Among the species of river dolphins, pink dolphins of the Amazon are considered the most intelligent, with a brain capacity 40% greater than that of humans.

Gray Dolphin
These dolphins live in the Amazon, but can also be found in
 the basins of the Orinoco and
 the upper Madeira River. Although
they are
mostly pink can be found in other
colors such
as skin clear, pink or brownish gray.

The Amazonian dolphins have small eyes, a long snout and dorsal fin very underdeveloped. These dolphins are very well adapted to living in the varzeas (flooded forests). Its distribution covers the river systems of the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.
The Amazonian dolphin is categorized as vulnerable. Their greatest enemies are deforestation and human activities that contribute to disrupt their livelihood.


More information: info@amazonexplorer.com
Hotel in Iquitos   : www.emperadorterraza.com

ACTIVITIES
Jungle survival training course

Friday, May 23, 2014

5-DAY JUNGLE SURVIVAL TRAINING

Amazon Explorer, Advanced Jungle Survival Training Course, Iquitos, Peruvian Amazon Rainforest
This training course has the aim to incorporate ADVANCED jungle survival techniques and expose the participant to adverse situations and conditions to improve skills and endurance.

On the lead of qualified Military instructors, showing the most practical ways of adaption to the environment, and the use of natural resources.

Are you interested? Further information: info@amazonexplorer.com
Hotel in Iquitos: www.emperadorterraza.com

ACTIVITIES
Jungle survival training course

SIERRA DEL DIVISOR

Tuesday, May 20, 2014

15-DAY MATSES EXPEDITION

Matses/Mayoruna indigenous tribe. Amazon Explorer, Iquitos, Amazon rainforest, Peru.

Territory of the mysterious tribe of the Feline, "The Matses” is considered one of the most remote areas of the Amazon rainforest. Little exploration has been done and is inaccessible for most tourists.

The Matses belong to the Pano linguistic family, like Matis ethnicities, and Korubos Marubos among others.

In the 1970's the Matses changed their mode of semi-nomadic life to live in permanent communities. The Matsés territory is located in the region bounded by the rivers of Yavari (Javari in Portuguese), and Galvez Chobayacu Peru's border with Brazil.

Currently their communities are located deep in the Amazon jungle of northeastern Peruvian border with Brazil. Still retain their primitive culture, are expert hunters and gatherers whose ability to survive depends on their physical skills and knowledge of the jungle. Your belief system is tied to nature, plants and animals have a very important relationship with their spiritual world.

More information: info@amazonexplorer.com
Hotel in Iquitos: www.emperadorterraza.com

Monday, May 19, 2014

20-DAY ANACONDA EXPEDITION


Anaconda Expedition. Amazon Explorer. Iquitos Peru.
Date: September 30th to October 19th, 2014.
Place: Peruvian Amazon.

Expedition to one of the most remote and inhospitable regions of the Amazon jungle, and home to the dreaded giant “Queen of the jungle” the Anaconda. This program is ideal combining adventure activities with the experience of nature in unexplored areas, rich in bio-diversity.

The Anaconda (Eunectes murinus) can reach more than 8m long and more than 200kg. It is the heaviest of the known snake species, and possibly the longest snake in the world, along with the reticulated python (Python reticulatus) of South East Asia.

The Anaconda, and the Black Alligator (Melanosuchus niger), join at the peak of the food pyramid in the water ecosystems of the Amazon. The Jaguar (Panthera onca) land, and the Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyja) air, share their groupings respectively.

Are you interested? info@amazonexplorer.com
Hotel in Iquitos: www.emperadorterraza.com

ACTIVITIES
Jungle survival training course

Tuesday, March 18, 2014

20-DAY SHUAR EXPEDITION

Shuar Expedition in the Peruvian Amazon Rainforest. Amazon Explorer Iquitos.Amazon Explorer is looking for Explorers that wish make a expedition, deep in the jungle, and off the beaten.

The Shuar, known as a fierce tribe and headhunters, noted for their custom to reduce human heads into an orange size.

Their lands extend along the Amazon, northern Peru and southern Ecuador.

More info on the Shuar people.

This expedition will be making between November and December 2014, the exact date will be defined according the Explorer that joins the trip.

Program: 20-day Shuar Expedition.

Further info: info@amazonexplorer.com
Hotel in Iquitos: www.emperadorterraza.com

ACTIVITIES
Jungle survival training course